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Today we completed work on SEC-131, which eliminated some redundancies in the definition of CollectionOfSecurityPrices and generalized the nature of the price included in a PriceStructure for ease of use. We also looked at where to add the notion of a variable interest entity for SEC-175.

From Wikipedia: Variable interest entity (VIE) is a term used by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) to refer to a legal entity with certain characteristics such that a public company with a financial interest in the entity is subject to certain financial reporting requirements. VIEs rose to prominence after the Enron scandal.[1][2] Some Chinese companies, such as Alibaba, use VIEs to get access to foreign capital that would otherwise not be available due to Chinese government regulations.[1] The use of VIEs by Chinese businesses has received criticism for its lack of transparency.[3]

A share of stock, or a stock certificate, certifies ownership of a portion of a company. In other words, it provides proof of a legal proprietary interest in company assets. In contrast, a VIE share (often mistakenly referred to as a share of stock) certifies ownership of a contractual right to a percentage of a company's profits.[4] Unlike a traditional stock certificate, the VIE share provides a legal proprietary interest in a completely separate company's assets, sometimes referred to as a shell company.[4] The contractual right certified by the VIE share is derived from a contract between (1) the company named on the VIE share and (2) the shell company. In other words, VIE shareholders only have a traditional stock certificate in the completely separate shell company, which is entitled to a percentage of the named company's profits via a private contract.

In order to address this, we (1) created a variable interest entity in BE (Legal Entities), (2) created the concept of a VIE share in SEC Equities. We will complete this on Friday by adding the Chinese ADR that references the VIE share.


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